The gate valve that shut the water off to that section of the loop was broken and could not be closed. Pump head and pipe elevation difference highest to lowest and expansion tank pressure at maximum operating temperature should not exceed 125 psig or 289 ft wg head. Piping System and Equipment Identification. The following information is tailored to centrifugal pumps and should not be applied freely to positive displacement pumps. If the meter must be installed in a vertical run, the flow must come from under the meter so that the cone will not entrap air. Support all piping from building structural members using beam clamps, ceiling plates, wall brackets, or floor stands. The 3-K method uses three K-values to characterize each type of valve and fitting.
Each of the four branch supply and return lines are identical, and in fact all circuits in the system are identical. Circulate system for a minimum of 24 hours at the flow rate recommended by the chemical manufacturer. A typical chiller uses the process of refrigeration to chill water in a chiller barrel. The remainder of this article describes the process. For contractor-fabricated anchors, secure insulation directly to pipe surface and extend up anchor for distance of 4 times insulation thickness.
Water pipe ling is balance with balancing valves 3. Of course, adding state of the art controls like direct digital controls can improve any system and take energy management to a whole new level of control and savings. Inline pumps may be used in situations not allowing for base mounted pumps. The red curves show the operating points for this pump at various impeller diameters. The preferred meter installation is in horizontal pipe runs.
In this case, the service column could be removed since the entire schedule is dedicated to chilled water pumps. There are two main types of centrifugal pumps, in-line and end-suction. They should also show which floor the component is located. Each of the four categories has their own specific equations, but 1 and 2 are included in the same line item on the calculator The next paragraphs will go through the calculations for each of the four categories. We will demonstrate the process outlined above for finding the most hydraulically remote loop, by calculating the pump head requirements for a variety of circuits within the system. Pumps can be long-coupled where the pump is connected to the motor by a flexible coupling or they can be close-coupled where the connection between the pump and motor is through a rigid coupling. General Locations and Arrangements Drawings plans, details, schematics, and diagrams indicate the general location and arrangement of the piping systems.
Motors vibration shall not exceed 0. In the picture, below left, a chilled water pipe had to be relocated. With four branches and four floors there are a total of 16 air handlers within the building, each of the air handlers is sized for 50 gpm, resulting in a total system flow rate of 800 gpm. Notice the demands show where fluid enters and leaves the system for the branches and circuits. Gauge is to be connected to the system through a manifold system where each branch can be isolated and pressure can be relieved from the gauge. You should select the lowest supply chilled water temperature. Efficiency of the pump shall be greater than 85%.
After looking at the remaining branches in the system, we can assume the head loss in circuit B4-F4 would be the greatest for the entire system because it has the longest pipe run. After piping systems have been pressure tested and put into service, but before final adjusting and balancing, inspect valves for leaks. Shipment of materials from manufacturer to installation location shall be in weather-tight transportation. The objective is to design the system and select a pump with sufficient head that can deliver 50 gpm to each of the 16 circuits in the system. Hot water Natural gas, fuel oil Steam 100 kPa 15 psig to 1035 kPa 150 psi 1035 kPa 150 psi fittings. If the flow rate In the secondary side is low then some chilled water will flow into the secondary and some will recirculate back to the chillers.
This completes the skeleton of what we believe to be our most hydraulically remote circuit. Tighten bolts to specification in a criss-cross pattern. Do not allow any chemicals to come in contact with galvanized surfaces. Not all towers will use two inlets, some will have just one. Where size for a pipe segment is not indicated, the pipe segment size shall be equal to the largest pipe segment to which it is connected. You should double check to make sure the combination exists before proceeding.
The contractor shall make sure to clean and prepare paint so that the connection for the ground will be clean and permanent. The components of each system are similar but as you can see the design does vary and not every chiller install will use the exact same setup or components. The concrete pads must be dowelled to the floor at 12 inch intervals and have one mat of ¼ inch rebar to provide the base strength. Calculating the losses for Circuit B4-F4 The pipelines, flow rates, and head losses for circuit B4-F4 are listed in Table 3. The circuit with the greatest head loss is the most hydraulically remote circuit.
Some have a flushing line between the flow and return lines for system cleaning. Let's follow through the process for circuit B1-F4 the air handler on the fourth floor for Branch 1. The chilled water circulates through a chilled water loop and through coils located in air handlers. Pipe Information The calculator requires you to insert the pipe section information which includes the flow rate, pipe material, pipe type, pipe size and length of pipe. Since all 16 circuits in our system are identical we will use this total in all future circuit calculations. For this reason, the calculator will highlight in red any Reynolds Number that is below the turbulent region. All isolation valves and flexible connections are to be full line size.